Population Of Pakistan. In this article we will discuss Pakistani population and what are the main reasons for the higher growth rate of population in Pakistan. According to the census the population of Pakistan is 18.782 millions which is expected to shoot up three times. In 2009, the population increased rate was 2.98 percent per annum which has gone up with the passage of time to 3.1 percent per annum. The present increase in the population in Pakistan is considered to be the highest in the world which is the highest alarming in view of the scarcity of the resources. Low literacy rate and poor economic conditions are the main and major factors which have contributed a great deal towards the enormous increase in the population. The majority of Pakistan population about 73 percent consists of rural population while the remaining percent is urban. The province of Baluchistan is the most thinly populated province of Pakistan. The percentage of urban population is the highest in sindh which is 43.37 percent followed by Punjab 27.53 percent, Baluchistan 15.16 percent and N.W.F.P is 15.13 percent. Now the below table shows the province wise population according to the land;
|Baluchistan||Land area||43.6 percent|
|Punjab||Land area||25.8 percent|
|Sindh||Land area||17.7 percent|
|N.W.F.P||Land area||12.8 percent|
The density of population differs from country to country. Even within the country it varies from region to another. In Pakistan, Punjab is the most densely populated area while Baluchistan is considered to be the most thinly inhabited province in spite of its vast territory. There are many reasons for the higher and rapid growth rate of population in Pakistan. The main reasons are warm climate, lack of various recreational activities, low literacy, death rate, joint family system and many more. If we talk about the rapid growth rate of population in Pakistan then low literacy rate plays a very important role. Pakistan is a country where majority of people cannot even read or write anything. They are not aware of the economic resources of the country and cannot understand the importance of natural resources with regard to the economic development. The ignorance of the masses is also a big impediment in the way of family planning. Moreover, joint family system is still prevalent in Pakistan on a large scale. The economic burden of family is shared by all the earning members of the joint family and thus diluting the economic stress of the entire family.
On the whole after discussing the Pakistani population and its main and important reasons of its rapid growth rate it is easy to conclude that government of Pakistan should take effective measures in order to control the rapid growth rate of population and should give awareness to the people related to the disadvantages of the rapid growth rate in Pakistan. Finally, rapid increase in population is considered to be the major problem in Pakistan.