Major Problems of Pakistan
Over Population is major obstacle in Pakistan
If we glance through the history we find that the world has developed a lot in every field. When in country, the size of pollutions great then the size of available resources, than the country is called over populated. The total population of Pakistan was 3.25 crore in 1947in the former West Pakistan. It rose to 6.551 crore in 1972. It has now launched the figure of 14.59 crore on March 2002. Pakistan is the &the most populous country in the world.
There are following conditions to define over population obstacle in Pakistan which we discussed below:
- Danger for Economic Development
- Low per capital income
- Low rate of saving
- Problems for education sector
- Housing problems
- Transportation problems
- Food shortage
- Population & Environment
- Population & capital formation
- Problems for agricultural sector
- To provide more recreation
With the increase in population, there is low capital income in the country which badly effects the economy of the country. There per capita income of Pakistan is 479 dollars compared to 27000 dollars in Japan and 14000 dollars in Singapore
When a country becomes overpopulated then its rate of saving becomes very low, as a result of which there is low investment & unemployment in the country. The rate of saving in Pakistan in only15% which is very low overpopulation creates a great problem of education sector because proper facilities are not available for whole of the population. Overpopulation also creates a housing problem because given. Resources are not sufficient to proved houses to whole of the population.
Over population also creates a problem of transportation because Govt. resources are not sufficient to provide better transport facilities to whole of the population whine a country becomes overpopulated, there is food shortage in the country because its resources are not sufficient to meet the needs of the people. Overpopulation creates air, water & noise pollution in the environment & in this way, badly effects the environment & in this way, badly effects the environment. When a country becomes overpopulated, than its rate of saving becomes very low as a result of which rate of investment also falls which in return, reduces the capital formation in the country. Our farmers are very poor & increased in population badly effects their financial position because of this, they are not in a position to by modern technology & machinery or other agricultural implements.
When a country becomes overpopulated, than its rate of savings also becomes very low as a result of which there is low investment & unemployment in the country which badly affects the economy. Overpopulation can be controlled if most of the people are educated. Educated people can easily understand and feel the benefits of family planning. It is of course the need of hour to educate our masses.
As over population is swallowing up all the economic progress made by the country so the Govt. Of Pakistan is taking keen interest in solve the problem of over population by educating the people & making effective use of its resources. Every year a large sum of money is spend on population planning programs to solve the problem of over population.